Male VS Female Puppies: Which Is Right For You?

As with humans, there are some significant differences between male and female puppies. Their size is one of the most obvious, of course, but several other differences are easy to see when you put female and male puppies side-by-side. Then again, some of those differences aren’t noticeable at all and will only show themselves after your puppy has become an adult.

If you’ve never had a puppy or dog before, knowing these subtle and not-so-subtle differences can make a huge difference in your overall experience. Things like aggressiveness, for example, and the time it takes to train a male or female puppy, need to be considered. As I mentioned already, their size is also something to consider, as a male dog will typically be 20% larger than a female when fully grown. 

I was thinking about the differences between male and female dogs and puppies recently when a reader asked me specifically about them. As a person who knows what to expect, more or less, from both dog sexes, I gave them my best advice based on their personal needs and desires for their puppy experience. 

If you’re planning to adopt a puppy soon, today’s blog is perfect for you. In it, I will look at males vs. female puppies and answer this essential question; which is right for you?

The answer isn’t all that easy, to be frank. It depends on, for example, your lifestyle and how much time you’ll be able to devote to your puppy. It also depends on your living space, as a smaller space mixed with a large male dog might not be a great choice. Your finances play a small role, too, since bigger male dogs eat more food and chew through more toys and bones than smaller females, which will inevitably cost you more money.

If you’re keen on finding out all of the differences between male vs. female puppies to determine which is right for you, read on. I’ve got some helpful information and data below that will make the decisions more straightforward and, inevitably, make life with your puppy more enjoyable and joyful.

Differences Between Male and Female Dogs

Below, we will look at the significant differences between male and female dogs, including their temperament, behavior, training necessities, and several other factors. One thing to keep in mind is that, male or female, all dogs are different and will have different habits, quirks, and manners. In other words, the information that I share today doesn’t always hold 100% true for every puppy.

Male vs. Female Dog: Temperament 

Do male and female puppies have different temperaments and personalities? Indeed, they do, some of which are easy to see when you compare an intact male with a spayed female. For example, non neutered male dogs can, and often do, have a problem with aggression. 

Yes, male puppies can often be more playful and active than females. However, they are usually the more dominant of the sexes and very territorial. That domination tends to be seen when larger male dogs are around smaller dogs and also smaller humans. 

Interestingly, an unspayed female dog will also show signs of territorial behavior and dominance, especially when they’re in heat. That’s one of the reasons why neutering and spaying your puppy is essential, as it will usually result in an adult dog that is less aggressive and more gentle with other dogs, children, strangers, etc.

Male vs. Female Dog: Behavior 

Behavior and temperament are relatively similar, it’s true, but there are a few subtle differences between the two. One thing to note is that, when you first adopt a puppy, which most people typically do around eight weeks, there are very few differences between males and females.

As they get older and approach sexual maturity, however, hormones in your puppy’s body cause it to change quite significantly. Once they reach sexual maturity, you’ll find that both male and female dogs will roam if allowed to mate. Yes, it’s more common in male dogs, but females will definitely roam around the neighborhood if given a chance when they’re in heat. 

Another interesting fact about female dogs is that two female dogs are more likely to fight than two male dogs. Also, when fighting, females typically cause more damage to each other than males do. (Bitches, am I right?!)

If finding a friendlier puppy to adopt is important to you, you should note that friendliness seems to be related more to a dog’s breed than its sex. For example, a breed known to be aggressive will typically be aggressive for both females and males, and vice versa. Also, choosing a breeder who cares to breed friendlier, less aggressive dogs is a good choice.

Lastly, some studies have shown that male dogs, generally, will engage in social play more than females. On the other hand, females lead the way when it comes to cooperative behavior. (That’s why they make better police dogs and drug-sniffing dogs.)

Male vs. Female Dog: Training

Studies have shown several differences in the way male and female canines think, react, and adapt. Some studies have shown that male dogs can learn socialization skills more quickly. Other studies have shown that, with a superior ability to focus on the task at hand, training female dogs is easier. 

Because female dogs are more affected by hormones, especially if they aren’t fixed, training time can often be affected. That has led to a predominance of males winning competitions like dog shows, but, frankly, it’s likely due more to their training time than their ability and intelligence. 

Male vs. Female Dog: Costs

When purchasing a new puppy, it’s typical to find that females are more expensive than males. One reason is that breeders receive more requests for female dogs than males. Another likely explanation is that you can more easily breed a female and thus have more dogs.

If you’re looking to become a dog breeder, purchasing a female simply makes sense. That’s because, with a female, you can generate more revenue as you can produce more puppies. With a male, you might get a stud fee, but the puppies produced will belong to the person who owns the female. 

One last consideration is that a female dog costs more to have spayed than to have a male dog neutered. This is because the procedure is internal for females rather than external, which it is for males.  More time, anesthesia, and skill are needed, also, when spaying a female than when neutering a male. That, in turn, increases the cost significantly.

Male vs. Female Dog: Size 

The differences between male and female dogs are many, it’s true. However, one thing that typically remains static is that most male dogs are larger than most female dogs. 

Even if a male dog and a female dog are the same height, the male dog is typically heavier, which is why weight is the standard rather than height when determining a dog’s size. 

Final Thoughts

As we’ve seen today, there are a lot of considerations to make when adopting a new puppy. One of the most essential is whether to adopt a male or a female. Which is right for you, a female or a male puppy is a question that every person will have to answer on their own. 

If you plan to breed your puppy, the choice is a little easier, of course. If you don’t, though, and plan to have your puppy neutered or spayed, the differences that we’ve seen today should all be taken into account before you make your final decision.

I hope the information I have given here today has been extremely helpful and will make your choice easier. If you have more questions about adopting a puppy or being a better puppy parent, please see my other blogs on the subject. They’re packed with valuable, real-world information that can help you raise your puppy well and make a furry friend for life.